Design strategies for intelligent, modern buildings should also promote healthy and comfortable indoor environments.
A healthy building provides:
The built environment is having a significant effect on the occupants’ physical and psychological well-being, health and performance.
Standards related to Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) define humidity, ventilation rates and exposure limits for air pollutants. Measurements of indoor air quality are based on the intensity of the ventilation. Indoor air quality can either be controlled naturally (windows) or artificially (air conditioning systems).
Building-related illnesses related to poor indoor air quality are: CO intoxication, allergic diseases like asthma and rhinitis, sensitivity to chemicals and respiratory illnesses. The effect of poor indoor air quality further depends on intensity, length, and source of noxious exposure.
Moisture creeps into you building, working its way through walls and causes all kinds of bad news like mold, fungus and spores.
To achieve overall satisfaction of occupants with the indoor thermal conditions, heating, cooling and air conditioning systems are used to control parameters such as temperature, humidity and air velocity. Technologies controlling thermal comfort are slow-reacting technologies, meaning their adaptation takes some time.
Keep it down.
Well-being induced by the visual environment: a well-designed lighting system provides adequate illumination to ensure safety and enable movement. A significant part of the illumination should be provided by daylight, offering a view to the outside, which contributes to the psychological well-being of the occupants – a direct relationship between natural light and health has been proven numerous times. Insufficient light can disrupt the biological rhythm, which can have an impact on health, safety and performance.
Lighting and solar shading systems are considered fast-reacting systems, a change in conditions can happen almost immediately. They are also low-energy consumption systems. Still, it can account for up to 25% of the total building’s used energy – here, solar panels lead a major reduction in costs.